Central Board of Secondary Education has released CBSE class 10 Maths syllabus 2023 for the session of 2023-2024. Candidate can download the syllabus PDF in the given article. Read the full article to download the syllabus.
CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023
The curriculum at the Secondary CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus stage primarily aims at enhancing the capacity of students to employ Mathematics in solving day-to-day life problems and studying the subject as a separate discipline. It is expected that students should acquire the ability to solve problems using algebraic methods. And apply the knowledge of simple trigonometry to solve problems of height and distance. Carrying out experiments with numbers and forms of geometry, framing hypotheses. Also verifying these with further observations form inherent part of Mathematics learning at this stage. The proposed includes the study of number systems, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, mensuration, statistics, graphs coordinate geometry, etc.
Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023-2024
Class 10th mathematics is one of the most important and interesting subjects for students. Also, mathematics is one of the scoring subjects to secure a good percentage in class 10th board exams. But it also needs a lot of practice and hard work. To start preparing for the maths exam students must know the syllabus only candidates can prepare well for class 10 board. This new syllabus for class 10 maths covers the essential topic and provides a strong foundation in mathematics. Such as algebra, geometry, trigonometry, statistics etc.
CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus PDF Download
The Class 10th Mathematics syllabus is designed to provide students with a balanced understanding of various mathematical concepts. So every student must download CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023.
Class 10 Maths Syllabus – PDF Download
Maths Syllabus Class 10 Course Structure
Units | Unit Name | Marks |
1 | Number systems | 06 |
2 | Algebra | 20 |
3 | Coordinate geometry | 06 |
4 | Geometry | 15 |
5 | Trigonometry | 12 |
6 | Mensuration | 10 |
7 | Statistics and Probability | 11 |
Total | 80 |
Class 10 Maths syllabus 2023 – 2024 Unit Wise
Unit 1- Number System
- Real Numbers
- Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of the irrationality of √2,√3,√5.
Unit 2- Algebra
1. Polynomial
- Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.
2. Pair of Linear Equations into Variables
- Pair of linear equations in 2 variables graphical method of their solutions, consistency/inconsistency.
- Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in 2 variables algebraically -by substitution, by elimination. Simple situational problems.
3. Quadratic Equations
- Standard form of quadratic equations ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
- Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day-to-day activities to be incorporated.
4. Arithmetic progressions
- Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.
Unit 3- Coordinate Geometry
1. Coordinate Geometry
- Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula.
Section formula (internal division).
Unit 4 – Geometry
1. Triangles – Definitions, examples, and counter examples of similar triangles.
- (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.
- (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.
- (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar
- (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.
- Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.
2. Circles- tangent to the circle at, point of contact
- (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
- (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal
Unit 5 – Trigonometry
1. Introduction to Trigonometry
- Trigonometric ratio of an acute angle of a right angle triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values of the trigonometric ratios of 300, 450 and 600. Relationships between the ratios.
2. Trigonometric Identities
- Proof and applications of The Identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identity to be given.
3. Height and Distance: Angle of elevation, Angle of depression.
- Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, and 60°.
Unit 6 – Mensuration
1. Areas Related to Circles
- Area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on area and perimeter/circumference of the above-mentioned plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angles of 60°, 90° and 120° only.
2. Surface Areas and Volumes
- Surface areas and volumes of combination of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, Spheres, hemispheres, and right circular cylinder/cones.
Unit 7 – Statistics and Probability
1. Statistics
- Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided).
2. Probability
Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.
Class 10 Standard Question Paper Design 2023-2024
3 Hours Max. Marks- 80
S. No. | Topology of Questions | Total Marks | % weightage (approx.) |
1 |
Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organising, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions and stating main ideas. |
43 |
54 |
2 | Applying: Solved problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way. | 19 | 24 |
3 |
Analysing: Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make interference and find evidence to support generalization. Evaluating: Present and defend options by making judgements about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria. Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions. |
18 | 22 |
80 | 100 |
CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023 Internal Assessment
It is very important for the student to understand the internal assessment. So check the table given below for CBSE class 10th Maths syllabus 2023 internal assessment.
Internal Assessment | Marks |
Pen paper test and multiple assessment (5+5) | 10 |
Portfolio | 05 |
Lab practical (lab activities to be done from the prescribed book) | 05 |
Also, Check
CBSE Class 9th Maths syllabus
Class 9th Science Syllabus 2023-2024
CBSE Class 9 SST Syllabus PDF
CBSE Class 9 English Syllabus 2023-2024
Class 9 Computer Syllabus 2023, Download PDF
UP NMMS Scholarship 2023 Registration
Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus 2023
What are the major topics covered in the CBSE Class 10th Math syllabus?
The CBSE Class 10th Math syllabus covers a wide range of topics, including Real Numbers, Polynomials, Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Quadratic Equations, Arithmetic Progressions, Triangles, Coordinate Geometry, Introduction to Trigonometry, Some Applications of Trigonometry etc.
How can I access the CBSE Class 10th Math syllabus online?
You can easily access the CBSE Class 10th Math syllabus on the official CBSE website (cbse.nic.in).
Are there any important chapters that carry more weightage in the CBSE Class 10th Math exam?
While every chapter is essential, some chapters like Real Numbers, Pair of Linear Equations, Triangles, and Trigonometry often have higher weightage. However, it’s essential to have a solid grasp of all topics to excel in the exam.
Is it necessary to solve all the exercises in the CBSE Class 10th Math textbook?
While solving all exercises is beneficial, focus on understanding the concepts and solving a variety of problems. If time is limited, prioritize solving sample papers and previous years’ question papers.
What is the best approach to tackling word problems in CBSE Class 10th Math?
Read the problem carefully, identify the given information, and translate it into mathematical equations. Solve step by step, and always double-check your answers in the context of the problem.